Abraham Drukker #78524, zoon van Emanuel Drukker en Mariane van Thijn.
Geboren 13 sep 1895 (24 Ellul 5655) Zaandam, Noord-Holland, Nederland (archiefkaart Amsterdam Abraham Drukker 13-09-1895), bron: Archiefkaart Amsterdam E (persoonskaart), overleden 1 okt 1944 (14 Tishrei 5705) Auschwitz, Polen, 49 jaar, doodsoorzaak: vermoord, bron: Joods Monument Joodse Gemeenschap in Nederland. Beroep: koopman in zakken, bron: Gezinskaart Alkmaar
Gehuwd 29 dec 1921 (28 Kislev 5682) Alkmaar, Noord-Holland, Nederland, bron: Archiefkaart Amsterdam E (persoonskaart) (22 jaar gehuwd) met:
Juliette Cohen #78525, dochter van Abraham Philip Cohen en Sara Salomon Groen.
Geboren 30 mrt 1890 (9 Nisan 5650) Amsterdam, Noord-Holland, Nederland (archiefkaart Amsterdam Abraham Drukker 13-09-1895), bron: Archiefkaart Amsterdam E (persoonskaart), overleden ± 1 okt 1944 Auschwitz, Polen, ongeveer 54 jaar, doodsoorzaak: vermoord, bron: Joods Monument Joodse Gemeenschap in Nederland
The Righteous Among The Nations
Kleibroek Petrus (1885 - 1945 )
Hetem Cornelia (1919 - 2008 ), DAUGHTER
Kleibroek Adriana (1887 - 1953 ), WIFE
The Drukker family, father Abraham, mother Juliette (née Cohen) and their daughter Marianne, born in 1929, lived in the town of Alkmaar, north of Amsterdam, where Abraham had a business in jute sacks.
With the ever-increasing anti-Jewish measures as ordered by the German occupier, Marianne was forced out of her public school in September 1941. In the spring of 1942, the Drukkers, with most/all Jews from the provinces, were ordered to move to Amsterdam. In their panic, they were helped to pack up and secure their belongings by Nelie Kleibroek, even though this was strictly forbidden by the German regulations. Nelie lived with her parents on a small farm in nearby Warmenhuizen; she worked as a housemaid with the Drukkers in order to supplement her familys income.
With the onset of the deportations of the Dutch Jews to work in the East, the Drukkers decided not to await those orders and to try and find a hiding place instead. They located a pension in the eastern part of the country; however, soon afterwards it became clear to the other boarders that they were Jewish and they had to leave. The Drukkers moved back to Amsterdam, where they managed to find a room for the three of them. As the owners of the apartment were not home during the day, the Drukkers had to be very still all day long, staying away of the window in order not to be seen. After a number of months, this situation was no longer tenable, and Abraham Drukker managed to contact Nelie Kleibroek, pleading with her to look for a place to hide in or around Warmenhuizen. Nelie endeavored to convince her parents to take in all three Drukkers. When Pieter and Adriana Kleibroek, both in their sixties, heard about the predicament of the Drukker family, they said: If they want, let them come here. And so they did. Abraham Drukker described their arrival in his diary: " They immediately gave us to eat - much and good and we ate with great appetite after such an emotional journey, but also because we were no longer used to eating good food. We savored the sandwiches with fabulous ham and our daughter [Marjan] ate with special appetite. Then, exhausted, we were taken to our sleeping quarters: we slept in the attic on the hey and our daughter slept with the daughter of the house (who was an earlier maid in our home)."
The farm was very small. There were "4 cows, a one year old calf, 2 goats and a cat. It consisted of a cowshed, a living room and a small room", as Drukker described in his diary. Living conditions on the Kleibroek farm were very basic and the family income meager; Abraham Drukker was able to contribute for their daily expenses, helped by some people who had been working in his business.
The Drukkers soon managed to become part of the Kleibroek family and helped out around the farm in back of the house along with the Kleibroeks. Despite their different backgrounds, the two families got along very well, but the fear of detection was present all the time. Constant vigilance was a must and the three Drukkers were not to venture outside or be seen by strangers. Marianne, of course, could not go to school or have any contacts with children of her age. Towards the beginning of 1944, it became clear to the German authorities that many Jews were in hiding in the area. On May 17 that year, some 700 German forces, assisted by notorious Dutch Jew bounty hunters, raided the region, including the Kleibroek farm. The Drukkers were hiding in the haystack, but were detected. All three were arrested, as was Pieter Kleibroek. Abraham, Juliette and Marianne were sent to the Westerbork transit camp, from where they were deported to Theresienstadt, and from there to Auschwitz, where they were murdered in October 1944. Pieter Kleibroek was taken to the Vught concentration camp (KZ Herzogenbusch), from where he was taken to the Sachsenhausen camp in Germany, and shot on the death march April 21, 1945. Adrianus Bruin, a fellow inmate described the death march from Sachsenhausen to Luebeck described how Kleibroek had stopped because he could not go on walking. "After he stopped and lied down at the side of the road, I saw that one of the guards approached him, charged his revolver and killed him with a shot in his neck".
The diary of Abraham Drukker (until his incarceration) was published by A. Kalma :Kaddiesj voor Joods Alkmaar [Kaddish for the Alkmaar Jews]
On November 8, 2011, Yad Vashem recognized Pieter Kleibroek and Adriane Kleibroek-Nannes as well as their daughter Nelie Hetem-Kleibroek as Righteous Among the Nations.
Woonplaats (gezin): 1 mrt 1942 (12 Adar II 5702) Alkmaar, Noord-Holland, Nederland, bron: Joods Monument Joodse Gemeenschap in Nederland Gezin Abraham Drukker woonde Langestraat 37, Alkmaar.
1. Marjan Drukker #78526
Geboren 18 nov 1929 (15 Cheshvan 5690) Alkmaar, Noord-Holland, Nederland (archiefkaart Amsterdam Abraham Drukker 13-09-1895), bron: Archiefkaart Amsterdam E (persoonskaart), overleden ± 1 okt 1944 Auschwitz, Polen, ongeveer 14 jaar, doodsoorzaak: vermoord, bron: Joods Monument Joodse Gemeenschap in Nederland
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